Time chronology of significant farming events

Illustration: Timeline


Significant Local Farming Events

From the book: A History of Hazelwood

Year Event
1880's Grazing Licences formalise the summer pasturing of cattle along parts of the southern coastline.
1908 Bert Saw and relations become the first European land owners in the district. Bert builds a shingle hut and a slab hut on the banks of the Bow River and runs cattle at the Bow and on the Quarram East hills.
1909 AW Johnson surveyed the Frankland River from its source to the Nornalup Inlet.
1910 Bellanger family starts farming on the banks of the Frankland River at Nornalup and later open a guest house.
1910 James Mitchell, Minister of Lands and Agriculture declares the forerunner of the Walpole National Park as he was so impressed with the beauty of the area.
1922 Premier James Mitchell orders crown land between Denmark and the Frankland River to be surveyed to create group settlement farms which would be serviced by a railway line already on the drawing boards.
1924 Group Settlement Scheme Group 116 at Tingledale starts.
1924-26 Royal Commissions inquires into Group Settlement Scheme and the establishment of new groups is abandoned briefly.
1927 Groups 138 and 139 settler families arrive at Hazelvale under the resumed and modified Group Settlement Scheme (the 300 New Farms Scheme).
1928 Last groups under the Scheme are settled.
1929 Wall Street crash triggers the Great Depression.
1930 Group Settlement Scheme terminated; no more groups established. Settlers are granted debt relief and freehold title on reclassified ‘Standard’ holdings provided they take out a mortgage with the Agricultural Bank.
1930 A Special Settlement Scheme is established for unemployed married West Australian men to create farms. The nucleus of Walpole town is established to service the new settlers.
1930- to the end of World War 2 is a very hard time and many settlers leave unable to cope with the increasing debt and reduced incomes.
1947 Name change “Hazelwood” to “Hazelvale”
1950's Resurgence in farming with new people and amalgamation of blocks. Machinery, improvements in animal husbandry and use of trace elements increases productivity.
1967 SEC connects electricity to Hazelvale farms.
1970's All the Hazelvale dairy farmers, with one exception, cease milking cows and change to beef cattle production or other rural based enterprises.
1975 Business privacy - single telephone ‘party’ line replaced by automatic exchange.
2022 Today, Hazelvale’s main industry is beef cattle farming on owned and leased lands. Eleven resident families run commercial beef cattle herds. There are two commercial orchards.

A History of Hazelvale by Dawn Martin, 2022.